Senior citizens are returning to college to earn or finish degrees, to advance careers, and to learn new things. Studying abroad is becoming more popular than ever. A report from the Institute of International Education found that , U. Public libraries offer endless resources and services for online students! Plagiarism can be easily be avoided with the right citations. Knowing when and how to use them is the tricky part.
Types of Academic Writing There are different writing styles, each with a different purpose or audience. Argument Papers Assignments that require you to support a position, claim or opinion involve a persuasive writing approach. Tips for writing argument papers include: Clearly describe the central issue, position or premise.
Provide evidence that supports the position presented in your thesis statement. Develop a conclusion based on the evidence you provided. Research Papers Research papers can take multiple forms, depending on the purpose and specific requirements of your class assignment.
Tips for writing research papers include: Develop a clear and focused research question, hypothesis, thesis or topic. Identify relevant sources, including previous research reports. Analyze the results found in your sources.
Describe how results answer your research question, prove or disprove your hypothesis, support your thesis or expand knowledge of your topic. Expository Papers Similar to argument and persuasive essays, expository papers require you to research an idea or concept and provide supporting evidence.
Tips for writing expository papers include: Determine the approach required for the assignment: Write a concise thesis statement that presents your topic, but does not include opinion. Research existing information about your topic. Provide objective evidence and relevant information found in your research. Provide a conclusion that connects supporting information with the thesis statement. Exam Essays Professors often use written exams to measure your knowledge of a specific topic, understanding of a complex concept or comprehension of course reading and resources.
Tips for exam essay writing include: Create a rough outline that sets up the scope and sequence of your essay, as well as critical concepts and sources you should include. Develop a response that presents a clear main point or argument and organized supporting points. Monitor your progress if the written exam is timed. Academic Proposals Academic proposals are typically written as part of grant applications or for professional conference presentations.
Tips for writing academic proposals include: Pay careful attention to the instructions provided by the organization asking for proposal submissions; follow all formatting and process guidelines. Provide details about how your project meets the grant or conference requirements, as well as how it is related to relevant research and needs in your field. Ask for feedback and proofreading from someone who is familiar with your topic.
Common Writing Pitfalls The proper use of grammar increases the clarity of your writing, and creates an easy flow of words and ideas for the reader to follow. Passive Voice Active voice is generally preferred in most forms of writing.
It was decided by the administration that new databases must be added to the library. The administration decided that the library must add new databases. Punctuation Some of the most common forms of punctuation are listed below, along with tips for putting them to use.
Comma Commas divide sentences into separate components, which improves readability, creates a pause and connects thoughts. Most students enjoyed the guest speaker, but faculty members said the presentation was inappropriate.
Before classes begin, you must complete the orientation tutorial, order your textbooks, post an introduction and read the syllabus.
Colon A colon is primarily used to introduce something in a sentence, but it can also draw attention to a list, example, quotation, noun or phrase. The course syllabus includes: The library was as expected: The provost set the policy in her statement: The professor said there was a lack of reading comprehension; attention to detail and creative, thoughtful responses. She enrolled in classes today; too many require expensive textbooks. Hyphen Hyphen guidelines are not as strict as those for other types of punctuation.
As a well-known expert of ancient history, Dr. Williams has the best-attended classes in the department. Student protests on college campuses increased in the mids.
Period Periods are used to end sentences, and in some abbreviations. A complete thought can be expressed in a single sentence. She was going to interview with Consolidated Cogs, Inc. Words to Watch Many college students struggle with some of the most common punctuation and grammar mistakes. Their project earned an A! Two, too, to These words all sound the same, but have different meanings. I just ordered two more textbooks.
She needs textbooks, too. They are getting too expensive! I will go to the bookstore to buy my textbooks. The library kept its doors closed during the holidays. Weather, whether Weather is a reference to the atmosphere and conditions like rain and snow. The weather forecast calls for rain; bring your umbrella! A lot The use of alot is usually considered an error. The new library database includes a lot of new journals.
Grammar Resources For additional assistance with grammar and punctuation, try the following writing tools and resources: Citations Citations provide a way for you to give attribution to the authors that inform your writing, and help you avoid plagiarism.
See the examples below: The Bazaar of Bad Dreams. Journal Allen, Darryl E. In-text citation Author, page number Students have difficulty computing capital recovery of investments Allen and Idlebird Studies by Jones and Williams 40 provide similar conclusions related to needed research in the area of student business finance skills.
The bazaar of bad dreams. Studies by Jones and Williams provide similar conclusions related to needed research in the area of student business finance skills. This research presented in this document focused on undergraduate students enrolled as entrepreneurship majors; the preferences of additional student populations may be relevant to review when creating new curricula in this area.
In-text citation Author, year of publication, page number Students have difficulty computing capital recovery of investments Allen and Idlebird Notes and bibliography Chicago style includes two primary options for citing referenced works: Note the formatting differences in the following examples: Scribner, , King, Bazaar of Bad Dreams , Additional Writing Types While you may not encounter these as class assignments, the following are important forms of writing that you will need for college admissions and course communication, as well as in your career after graduation.
Personal Statement or Letter of Intent College applications at the undergraduate and graduate level typically require some sort of written statement that includes your interests, goals and reasons for applying. Tips for writing personal statements include: Focus on the purpose of the letter or application and provide only the most relevant information. Take a direct and open approach to sharing your interests and how the application will help you reach specific goals.
Be concise and follow all instructions related to length and format. Email Email is a primary source of communication in many education and employment settings.
Tips for email use include: Provide a clear but concise subject line that conveys why you are sending the message.
Blogs and Journals Some courses require students to maintain personal blogs as a way to submit assignments, encourage reflective learning or to develop portfolios.
Tips for student blogging include: Watch your language; consider this a type of professional communication and be aware of the potential reach of your words if your blog is publicly accessible. Explore writing in the first person as you share your ideas and opinions about assigned topics, as well as other relevant areas of interest to you. Review each post for spelling and grammar errors to publish the best writing possible. More from For Students Online College Courses for Senior Citizens Senior citizens are returning to college to earn or finish degrees, to advance careers, and to learn new things.
An Untapped Resource in Higher Ed Public libraries offer endless resources and services for online students! One of the top job boards for telecommuting, FlexJobs enables you to create a custom job search profile to meet your specific needs. This weekly e-newsletter provides a nice compendium of freelance writing and editing jobs of all shapes and sizes from around the Web with competitive pay rates.
Save yourself the time of scouring numerous sites and let this newsletter bring the decent jobs right to your inbox. Created by Darren Rowse of ProBlogger, an authority site on blogging, you know jobs listed here will be from serious employers who have an idea what good writing is really worth.
With exclusive job opportunities as well as posts pulled from sites like Indeed and Craigslist, this board consolidates a variety of gigs for everyone from newbie to seasoned freelancers. Networking goes a long way in the freelance world, and LinkedIn is a great resource to do some networking through common connections. Some writers have been able to make a decent buck on sites like Upwork , but they are often the exception rather than the rule and have usually invested huge amounts of time to make it happen.
Have a little patience, keep persevering, and you will find those clients who truly value you. Looking to get even more serious about your freelance writing. The Write Life published two e-books to help you find more paid writing gigs. This post originally ran in September We updated it in February Kelly Gurnett is a freelance blogger, writer and editor; you can follow her on Twitter CordeliaCallsIt.
Looking for freelance writing jobs? Kelly Gurnett Kelly Gurnett runs the blog Cordelia Calls It Quits and is growing her own freelance writing, editing and blogging empire day by day. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook and hire her services here.
Move from irregular client work and crappy pay to being a freelance leader in your field. For those who are a bit more familiar with AP and Chicago Style for writing for magazine styled publications, allfreelancewriting. I think writers, especially new ones, need to value their skills and pitch to clients who are willing to pay decent rates, instead of trying to get work from the penny pinching cheap clients!
You are SO write about valuing your work. I am now hoping to start my first freelance writing job at uvocorp my essay sample is still under evaluation. May I hear a word or two from you as your usual advice to beginners like me? I encountered that company once when I am looking for other academic writing companies.
But the experience is just horrible. Once they see that you already has a few dollars on your earnings, the support sharks will flood you with multiple revisions with corresponding monetary penalties.
The first and second revisions are ok, but after running your work on plagiarism checker hundreds of times and proof-reading for grammar mistakes thousands of time. They will still ask you to revise something and dissolve your earnings through penalties one after another. They will not stop until you say you give up, in the end you lost all your earnings from unreasonable revisions and even end up owing them money for negative balance on your earnings.
So, are you an academic writer? I have been looking for chemistry or biochem based writing work and have had trouble finding appropriate places to look.
Do you have any suggestions? I worked as a freelance academic writer for about 5 years and Uvocorp was one of the sites I worked with. I totally agree with Norbert. Everything looked fine for about assignments before I started receiving revision requests. I had them review their comments and remove fines for the first two revision requests.
However, I just gave up when I got the next seemingly senseless plagiarism remark. I was not sure if it was unintentional from their part, but I felt annoyed and disappointed by then. I started out writing for a website, not quite as bad as that one, but making just a few dollars for rather long articles and no byline.
I was young and desperate though — would never do it again! The website needs to be catchy and informative, with writing samples easy to access. I always advise my friends, who wish to get into freelance writing, to create a great website and put forward their experience. So where are the legit sites? I began as a freelancer just this summer and found a lot of low-pay cruddy stuff.
I wrote a blog on my experiences and it offers tips, tools and help. My fist post may be helpful to you as a beginner: I am a writer and have a manuscript I am trying to get published.
My manuscript has been accepted by two companies, but It cost a lot of money to do that, so I thought I would try to make money this way. Should I go further with this, and if so, can you help me along and teach me the ropes?
Outsourcing and exporting work over-seas occurred in my former profession by the Medical Transcription Services, and it seems a fact of life in my 2-month stint as a content article writer. The content mill has an author forum which is helpful for learning the ropes and venting! I did apply to The Writers Hub, and was surprised when they asked what my per page rate would be?
I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of work or referrals.
Perhaps that is what the majority of us want here. I am very grateful for this site, thread, and posts! How so many missed that only to find a chance to criticize is troubling. I thought it was just auto-correct showing its butt again. Why is this so? I have, as of yesterday, begun exploring the opportunity of writing for income. Therefore, with no qualifications save my own, self-perceived ones, I say this: David, you should write to the editor of MedicalExpo e-Magazine and propose your journalism services.
Take a look at the magazine first emag. I know the editor and they pay well. My girl came across this site, after I told her about losing a comment posting gig. I appreciate the time you took putting this together. My international clients hate all the extra fees. You might want to consider keeping your eyes peeled for spelling errors if you want writing jobs…. On the western side of the pond, we would look at some cross-eyed if they used that term seriously. Spelt is definitely the way it is spelled and pronounced in Britain.
My daughter reads and watches many British books, shows, and movies, and she spells and pronounces it that way because she has become so accustomed to it. She had one English teacher criticize her until she showed said teacher that it is the British way to spell it. It is not incorrect. I have so many stories and poetry and even a couple of novels that I have written or started writing and I always joke that when I die, someone will find my writing and only then, will I get famous for my writing.
I, as the writer, would never turn something in, to have it read by anyone, without proofreading it myself either. One of the posts reads: Any sites you can recommend off the top of your head for someone starting out as a freelance academic essay writer? Should pay well too. Science-Fiction Writers of America, which I use as a guideline, advocates for no less than six cents a word as professional rates.
Most good clients who hire freelance writers will pay considerably more. Most of the content mills I have seen pay about three cents a word. Just saying…again, it trying to be rude or mean. I wish the best of luck to you! I too, am trying to get some writing gigs, and just starting out. I have no idea where to even begin. With that said, I think constructive criticism is a good thing, that if we take need to, can help us out in the long run.
If anyone has any constructive criticism or constructive advice for me, please comment. Hi Donna and others, The online writing lab at Purdue University has resources on the Chicago Manual of Style and the APA manual, as well as many articles related to English grammar usage that are user-friendly!
Just type owl purdue university in your fave search engine and it should appear as a result. I got a fairly good rating but not tops. Glad to have joined this particular thread and sooo thankful for the supportive content on here.
Smiles to all, David. And hopefully a movie. It is called Zombie Revelations and has the old with a real touch of reality. I hope it can save some writers from going through the penny-a-word phase too many of us went through at one point! I would add staying away from Yahoo! Good for you for approaching businesses directly! Thanks so much Kelly for taking the time to research and put together this list. It will get some good use here! Your skills and time are worth far more, and there ARE clients out there who will recognize and honor that.
Hold out for the good ones. I am so glad to run across fellow writers who value what they do and will stand up and say so. I tried ODesk and was not only appalled by the pay rates, but by the attitude of many clients.
Well now, I posted a response that I cannot quote in polite company. So, thank you, your voice is much appreciated. One client said that he already had words. When I looked at what he wrote, it was on a sixth-grade level.
No research, statistics, compelling copy, SEO keywords, etc. So I had to start from scratch. I ended up acting like a tutor. Another client loved my work but kept disappearing. I asked for her website address, information about her company, etc. She let another week go by then disappeared again.
I could go on and on. I think that clients who use the content mills do believe that they can get stellar writing for peanuts. I believe these incidents are blessings in disguise. I follow top-notch bloggers and copywriters and hone my skills continually. It is up to the freelancer to determine his standards and ultimately his worth. Hello Denita and others, I am thankful for this site, thread and continued posts including yours.
At present I am an IC with Textbroker International, and try to look at most the jobs as blessings in disguise. Generally, I am a better conversationalist since starting this in late September, agree with you about developing writing skills, and have kind of found my subject niche as it were.
The big picture tells me I have it pretty good, given local opportunities and employment services for those of us who have a handicapability are inadequate in my place of residence. I hope your experience is dynamically different, but you sound quite capable and willing to improve where need be which says a lot favorably concerning what you bring to the proverbial table.
All the best to you Denita, enjoyed the chance to talk shop! Avoid sites like Researchwritingcenter. I think the better question is, what kind of writing do YOU want to do? What topics interest you? What style are you most comfortable writing in? Freelance writing is a huge industry, and you could be everything from a lifestyle blogger to a marketing copy writer.
You need to determine what niche fits your skills and interests best; that will make it much easier for you to locate specific, nitty-gritty advice.
I am based out of India. I would like to write short stories. Could anyone guide me as how I should go about it. Please recommend sites where I should register myself. I have registered myself in Freelancer. You can find them here: This article was quite helpful and the comments were too.
I am just about to finish my English MA and I am broke as joke, living at my parents, and finding writing work online is my priority for the time being.
Best of luck to everyone trying to survive out there! Thank you for this post. I just recently got into freelance writing and I feel so stupid already. I feel so cheated. Should I even complete the job? Is it possible that the work she is doing for oDesk would at least provide a portfolio for her future use? I am brand new to the writing game. Love your words of encouragement to stay true to writing and get properly paid for your talent.
I love writing and have been caught up in content mills since I decided to write online about a month ago. I must admit the pennies I have received for my time, talent and dedication has been great to encourage me to seek something better. Are there any books or articles you recommend for beginners looking to earn a living writing online? The Write Life has actually put together a great list of resources to check out. You can find it here: This article was an actual eye opener.
Once again a big thank you for now I know what to expect and whom to deny. Thank you for the tips. I am handicapped and a fairly new mom at 41 to our 9 month old first and only son.
Can anyone give me additional tips on the best way I could start a blog aside from wordpress or blogger please? First of all, congrats on your new baby!
Second of all, my thoughts are with you and all your friends and loved ones — are you located in the Philippines yourself?
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.
Academic English: Writing from University of California, Irvine. The skills taught in this Specialization will empower you to succeed in any college-level course or professional field. You’ll learn to conduct rigorous academic research and to.
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