This operant conditioning stage gets into work when there is a transition from a lower level to a higher level. Moreover, even when the person already has achieved that need, he would respond the same way to the stimuli. Furthermore, people would work their way towards these needs in accordance with the societal norms and as dictated by their ego. There are impulses produced by the id but it is controlled by the superego for the person to stay directed in their path upwards and to avoid negative social drawbacks due to the non-attainment of the needs in each level.
I see these three particular constructs of Abraham Maslow, B. Skinner, and Sigmund Freud namely hierarchy of needs, operant conditioning, and personality structures respectively as important factors for the personality of the human beings.
These are simple to explain theories which can be easily related to the everyday living and behavior of people. In addition to this, they are among the theories that are somehow related to form a theory of personality. Their relatedness proves them important and flexible in any environment. The personality aspect of a human being is a very interesting field.
More theories are added to it and it becomes a much enriched one. Soon, additional interesting theories will enter the field and make it a more colorful one and expand its horizon to accommodate the various personalities present today. My Own Theory of Personality. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on My Own Theory of Personality specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours My Own Theory of Personality Essay. How to cite this page Choose cite format: Personality Theory Personality Theory: How about make it original?
Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. The various approaches to studying the personality were lead by psychologists who are familiar names to students of psychology and counseling. One of the best known of all personality theorists was Sigmund Freud.
He and his followers believed the secrets to personality could only be unlocked by an awareness of consciousness brought about by psychoanalysis. Gordon Allport developed the trait approach: He believed a personality is comprised of dispositions and behaviors that may be inborn, conveyed by society, or developed by circumstance. For Allport and his followers personality is based partly on who one is, partly on with whom one lives, and partly on which needs are being met. Watson, theorized personality could best be described through rational, scientific observation of actual, observed behaviors.
Albert Bandura started out as a behaviorist, but set the foundations for theories of social cognition when he noted that personality tends to be an interactive construct: Only through guided introspections will I be capable of really getting in touch with who I am.
Sigmund Freud assumed people are pulled by conflicting hedonistic desires to avoid pain while pursuing pleasure. He developed a well known structural model to describe how people mediate their internal conflicts arising from their desire for an object and their concomitant need to do the right thing.
He also articulated a number of defense mechanisms people use to cope with disappointment and feelings of inadequacy; namely,.
The oral stage infancy is associated with childhood behaviors of nursing and being weaned. If this stage does not go well, the child will grow up to be orally fixated e. The anal stage toddlerhood is associated with toilet training and control. If this stage does not go well, the child may grow up to be stingy, compulsively neat, or very messy. The phallic stage describing the oft referred to Oedipus and Electra complexes alleges children must fall in love with their opposite sex parent on their journey to sexual individuation.
Once in love, the child will mimic the activities and adopt the values of the same sex parent in an attempt to steal away the love of the opposite sex parent. If this stage does not go well, the child will grow up minus the traditional gender values. He developed a therapeutic technique called psychotherapy to aid patients in reaching into the depths of their subconscious.
It entailed out-loud reflections of the patient guided by introspective questions posed by the psychotherapist and included exercises such as free association, dream interpretation, projective tests e. If you have ever had a slip of the tongue, Freud would encourage you to examine that slip for its underlying message - your subconscious is trying to tell you something!
Adler was best known for his works on inferiority and birth order. He posits that the inferiority complex is based on personal weaknesses and that each person must learn how to compensate for these weaknesses by building upon other personal strengths; eventually overcoming some of the feelings of inferiority to emerge with a healthy personality or, conversely, the person will become clinically neurotic.
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According to his opinion, to explain the behavior (and in such way understand the personality), we need only to analyze functional relations between a visible action and visible consequences. Work of Skinner served like a foundation for science about behavior which has no analogues in history of psychology.
Personality theory is rich in complexity and variety. So, in a simplistic sense, theories of personality are models created to help describe, understand, predict, or control the habits. What makes personality theories so interesting, I think, is that we can actually participate in the process. You don't need labs and federal funding, just a bit of intelligence, some motivation, and an open mind. Theory. It might be nice to start off with a definition of theories of personality.
Write a to 1,word blog that includes the following: Discuss one of the major personality theories and how this theory is used to conduct assessment. Discuss what stood out to you about personality assessment practices. Help I Need To Write A Theory Of Personality» College essays help / Buy research papers online» Best essay uk, Academic writing services.