Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Times New Roman font.
Include a page header also known as the " running head " at the top of every page. Your essay should include four major sections: Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, first printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines.
All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Do not use titles Dr. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. Stressors and supports for adult online learners: Comparing first- and continuing-generation college students. American Journal of Distance Education, 27 2 , What is a DOI? A DOI is a unique identifying number for an article. In the database record for an article, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "https: This link will allow a reader to link to doi.
Toward a psychophysiology of expertise: Focal magnetic gamma bursts as a signature of memory chunks and the aptitude of chess players. Journal of Psychophysiology, 20 4 , The transition to retirement: Stages and factors that influence retirement adjustment. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 59 1 , Do a Web search to find the address of the homepage of the journal that published the article and include it in your citation.
Please be aware, however, that the full text of articles may not actually be available at the journal homepage. Executive functioning and alcohol-related aggression. American Psychologist, 59 2 , Problem-solving interactions between mothers and children. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 26 1 , Navy Yard Hill and the founding of Washington City. Capitol Hill Historian , 2 , Crow rookeries and urban toponyms in the United States. Corvid, 10 1 , New Yorker, 80 35 , Do a Web search using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo!
In this case, do a Web search using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo! Newsweek, 3 , An overview of web archiving. D-Lib , 18 Android malware on the rise. Psychology Today, 22 3 , Smithsonian, 34 2 , Discover, 26 2 , Tiffany glass and other tales from the crypt. The New York Times , pp. The page number of a newspaper article is preceded by "p. When an article appears on multiple pages, the page range is preceded by "pp.
When an article appears on discontinuous pages, separate the page numbers with a comma ex. When a newspaper uses section letters in its page numbers, these should be included in your citation ex.
A1 ", " pp. Human behavior with blogs. In Y Zheng Ed. A DOI is a unique identifying number for an e-book. In the database record for an e-book, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "https: Beyond Mandalay, the road to isolation and xenophobia [Review of the book The river of lost footsteps: Histories of Burma, by T. An untitled book, film, or product review for example, a review covering multiple works: A history of intoxicants, by M.
Journal of Mental Health, 15 , Follow the correct formatting for the type of publication e. Love, honor, cherish, and buy [Review of the book One perfect day: The selling of the American wedding, by R. The last light breaking: Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. The biology of aging: Observations and principles 3rd ed. Islands in a far sea: If volumes in a work or set are published in different years, give the range of years separated by a dash as above.
Tradition and the individual talent. Original work published Note that the page numbers of an article or chapter are preceded by "pp.
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This webpage, created solely by BibMe to help students and researchers, focuses on how to create APA citations*. For more information, please consult the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed.). American Psychological Association 6th edition; Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. I only want to create citations. BibMe™ formats according to APA 6th Edition, MLA 8th Edition, Chicago 17th Edition.
Imagine if all the stress of referencing simply vanished. Well, Cite This For Me’s APA citation generator is here to help you - now you can create in-text citations and reference lists in the APA format without all of the usual frustrations of referencing. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in .